frank_davis4

frank_davis


Frank Davis

Banging on about the Smoking Ban


Previous Entry Share Next Entry
Smoking Boosts Brain Power
frank_davis4
frank_davis
H/T Det Fede Skelet on Facebook for this Google translation of a Danish article, Tobacco Increases Work Capacity, exploring the benefits of smoking tobacco. It's not a very good translation, so I'll try to summarize it:

Tobacco, according to the WHO [1], is a "harmful and unnecessary product". It has no benefits whatsoever. Antismoking campaigners have place all their emphasis on the negative aspects of smoking, ignoring all the positive aspects, which are that the brain works better when it gets nicotine. Nicotine makes its consumers focus better and think faster and concentrate longer. Studies have shown that nicotine makes the brain work 10-30% more efficiently in a number of areas.

In 2010 the US government released an analysis summarising the last 40 years of knowledge about the effects of nicotine and smoking on the brain. The study was led by Stephen Heishman: Meta-analysis of the acute effects of nicotine and smoking on human performance. Abstract: ( 3 ). Nicotine has a significant positive impact in the areas of motor skills, attention, focus, speed and memory. Heishman's team examined 256 published non-medicinal nicotine tests done since 1994, when they made a similar analysis, and selected 48 studies for their meta-analysis. Their analysis paints a picture of nicotine as an effective and fast acting drug, which improves the brain's performance in social work situations - a decidedly "social work-drug".

The positive effect on the brain may explain why many of history's greatest scientists have been passionate smokers - eg. Niels Bohr and Albert Einstein, who both praised the tobacco effect on their scientific thinking. Equally some of the world's most creative footballer such as Zinedine Zidane, Diego Maradona, Johan Cruyff, Dimitar Berbatov and many other players were avid smokers.

Cigarettes have also always been an indispensable part of soldiers' field rations, and remain so.

The 48 experiments included in Heishmans analysis consisted of several groups of volunteers who have completed a series of standardized computer tests: One half received nicotine, while control subjects received placebo. Nobody knew whom, who got what. With few exceptions, nicotine users did better in all tests, whether they were smokers or nonsmokers. This was especially true in the areas of attention, precision, focus, memory and speed - and to a lesser degree of motor skills:



The researchers also found other areas where nicotine users had significantly better outcomes - including motor skills, long-term memory, semantic memory, arithmetic, complex calculations & Decision attention.

Tobacco Harm researcher, Professor Brad Rodu from Louisiana University, says that Heishman's analysis is a breakthrough in understanding tobacco & nicotine effects. In his article "The Proven Positive Effects of Nicotine and Tobacco ( 10 ) on his blog, Tobacco Truth, he writes:

"It’s time to be honest with the 50 million Americans, and hundreds of millions around the world, who use tobacco. The benefits they get from tobacco are very real, not imaginary or just the periodic elimination of withdrawal," writes Rodu (original English).

Professor David Warburton of Reading University, in a double attempt experiment in 1994 first demonstrated that 100 "abstinent" smokers and 100 nonsmokers achieved similar results in three specific figures tests. In experiment No. 2 then he repeated the same three tests with smokers when they were divided into two groups - one was "abstinent" in 12 hours, while the second group had smoked one hour earlier:


Figure 1 - Warburton & Arnal, 1994: - The scale shows the number of correct answers, minute by minute. Participants smoked one puff per minute in the period between the dotted lines, from the 6th minute to 15th minute. The two top lines are the results for nicotine groups - the bottom two are from non-nicotine groups. Each group consisted of one abstinent group & one non-abstinent group.

Result: The number of correct answers rose in the two nicotine groups with approx. 30% from third cigarette puff. There was, however, no difference in responses between the "abstinent" and the non-abstinent participants. The two nicotine groups had also significantly 10-15% faster reaction time, (not shown in graph).


If nicotine actually does enhance performance, it may help to explain why the productivity of labor in the western world has decreased slightly each year since 1970s, as health campaigns have reduced the number of smokers. In Denmark, there has been an unexpected and inexplicable collapse in productivity in 2007 and 08 - just after the time when the state banned smoking in all Danish workplaces. ( 19 )

There's quite a lot more in the article, and 19 useful links appended.


Update: DFS has emailed with some corrections (shown above). He also appears to be working on a better translation of the original article. If I get a link address for it, I'll post it here.
Tags:

I guess smokers have always known this (or at least, many of them have discovered it after they’d been coerced into giving up!), and I suspect that many anti-smokers have known it for a long time, too – which of course is one reason why they are so keen to present the opposite viewpoint – that smokers are less productive than their non-smoking counterparts, citing the occasional five-minute smoke break as the reason. But then, the more I have read about the anti-smoking movement the more I have come to believe that whatever they say, or have ever said, is a lie.

This, these days, includes those stalwart pillars of the movement such as “smoking causes cancer,” “smoking causes heart disease,” “smoking harms unborn children,” and “smoking causes cot death.” Honestly. I’m thoroughly convinced now that these claims are not an exaggeration of the real truth, or not-quite-the-whole-story, or even a fabricated-out-of-thin-air story – they’re a plain, downright, total, complete and utter lies, designed to “get in first.” It’s one of their main modus-operandi (or whatever the plural of that term is), in fact. They do some research, find out what’s good about smoking and then present the complete opposite, so that no-one thinks to research the matter again, and thus the real truth never becomes known and their version of the truth becomes the established “scientific consensus.” It’s a cover-up job of the first order. And it’s yet another reason why the combination of angry smokers who won’t just “get over” or “get used to” the ban, increasingly incredulous and questioning non-smokers, and the internet, is something which they are so fearful of.

I know I’ve said this before, but there are times when I think that – ironically – the smoking ban could well turn out to be the worst thing ever to have happened to the anti-smoking movement.

But then, the more I have read about the anti-smoking movement the more I have come to believe that whatever they say, or have ever said, is a lie.

That's pretty much my view. Everything they say is a lie. And always has been. Including the claim that smoking causes lung cancer.

We are being asked to believe doctors and researchers simply because they are authorities, even when they tell manifest lies )e.g. the threat of SHS). There is a deepening collapse of confidence in these authorities. Exactly the same is happening with climate science.

Frank

That would explain it...

(Anonymous)
For the past few years I have wondered why the globalists/"NWO" hate smoking so much, and the possible benefits to brain function would probably be a good enough reason, considering the name of the game is dumbing down the people - so fluoride is added to the water and children are drugged up on Ritalin, etc.

I wonder if this influenced Hitler's decision to ban smoking, or if he was just a mad control freak, period.

I'm sure there's much more to all this than meets the eye.

Stewart Cowan

Re: That would explain it...

I see you've just written a related piece.

Frank

Glad to see this and to add it to my files. Hope you caught the sources I gave at the end of "Downwave." Hope you can get in touch with Warburton and Hindmarch. Maybe do an interview. Maybe get it published-- and I mean beyond the blog and into that ancient and slovenly world of print. Seems to me your Telegraph likes to bust the Aunts...

Excellent information, Frank. It will hopefully be used on comments boards.

Tobacco, according to the WHO [1], is a "harmful and unnecessary product".

The first director of the WHO, Brock Chisholm, was a eugenicist, and not coincidentally so. He established a eugenics foundation for the organization. Same with UNESCO and Julian Huxley. It continues the eugenics tradition popularized in early-1900s USA.

Frank, these are some excerpts from a eugenics text: Hygiene for the Worker (1912). It indicates the eugenics position on tobacco (and alcohol), e.g., the WHO. Tobacco is depicted as of no benefit and only detrimental…. something along the lines that tobacco-users are “losers”. You will also notice many of the same themes in the contemporary antismoking crusade because it is also eugenics-driven.

------

This may apply more to girls, but it is equally true that an employer is prejudiced against the boy or young man who comes to him smelling strongly of tobacco, particularly of cigarettes. The cigarettist is seldom a success in the business world, and, at the outset, he will learn that the best positions are open to the boys who do not use tobacco.(P.9)

Alcohol & Tobacco
The source of power. The power we have to do our day's work is the power generated within our bodies, just as power is generated in an engine, by the fuel consumed. The result is energy.

Everything that can be converted into energy is useful to the human machine. Anything that cannot be so used, or that detracts from the regular amount of energy, is a tax and burden upon the machine, even when it is not actually harmful.
Alcohol is not a food. There are many articles of food and drink which the physiologists tell us are of little or no value whatever to the body in its daily work of manufac turing energy. But the most harmful of all these articles is alcohol…….

Tobacco. In connection with the use of alcohol, we must consider the question of tobacco and what it does not do for the human machine.

While, as we have pointed out, in rare cases of sickness or emergency, an alcoholic stimulant may be considered of some value, it is very difficult indeed to find even so slight a reason for the use of tobacco.

Tobacco a poison. Tobacco is not a food, nor a substitute for food. It does not meet the body's need of water, and the smoker of tobacco is very likely to become a drinker of alcohol. Tobacco does not help the lungs to take in air. On the contrary, it hinders the work of the minute air cells in putting oxygen into the blood. The presence of oxygen in the human system is necessary to life, but the habitual smoker shuts down the normal supply of oxygen, so that his tissues become impaired or broken down.

magnetic

Everything that can be converted into energy is useful to the human machine. Anything that cannot be so used, or that detracts from the regular amount of energy, is a tax and burden upon the machine, even when it is not actually harmful.
Alcohol is not a food.


To the best of my knowledge, alcohol is a source of energy. Much like sucrose (sugar) is a source of energy as well.

But beyond that, there is an underlying notion here of humans primarily as workers and nothing else. And they are a lot more than that.

Frank

(no subject) (Anonymous) Expand
(no subject) (Anonymous) Expand
(cont'd)

A noted physician says that tobacco is really a poison and that in the mode and intensity of its action it corresponds to prussic acid. He mentions a case where a fatal result followed in three minutes, after a poisonous dose of nicotine had been given. In another case, death occurred in five minutes.

The effects may be bad enough in the adult user of tobacco, but they are likely to be far worse in the boy and cause an impairment of growth and early physical prostration.

Cigarette smoking. Cigarette smoking is the most harmful of all the tobacco habits. Because the cigarette is small and cheap, it is within the reach of the average boy. Most boys learn to smoke through using cigarettes, or the butts of cigarettes given them by older boys. Inhaling the smoke of cigarettes, that is, the taking of the smoke into the lungs, is especially dangerous. In this way, a greater quantity of the poison gets into the system.

Cigarette smoking irritates the delicate membranes of the mouth, throat, and lungs, renders them unable to do their proper work, and also partly paralyzes the nerves that control the breathing, so that the blood suffers from want of air. It also interferes with the regular action of the heart, which is obliged to work much harder and yet is unable to pump as good blood through the body as formerly. It constantly overstimulates the stomach, so that the digestive juices are secreted when they are not needed and the stomach becomes tired and weak. As a result, a boy cannot digest his food properly and his body is half starved.

Cigarettes injure his nervous system, so that he cannot sleep so much or so soundly as he should. He becomes tired, lazy, and unwilling to exert himself in the proper exercise a growing boy should have.

All of these interruptions stop the boy's growth, and he becomes a weakling, stunted in body and mind, though perhaps with the appearance of brightness. Diseased in body and mind, is it a wonder that his moral sense also becomes perverted? Irresponsible and with no interest in sports, studies, or honest work, a cigarette fiend may soon drift into crime. The record of fifteen boys recently sentenced for crimes showed that ten of them had stolen to get the means of buying cigarettes.

Tobacco and success. From a recent study made in our public schools, it was found that the cigarette smokers were more nervous, had poorer memories, poorer eyesight and hearing, worse manners, were more unclean in their persons, more untidy in their dress, took a lower rank in their studies, failed more often to make their promotions, were older, slower workers, more untruthful, and, altogether, were greatly inferior in physical, mental, and moral development to their classmates who did not smoke. It is stated by an eminent authority, that, in fifty years, a tobacco user never took first honors at Harvard.

Magnetic

(cont'd)

Napoleon III of France ordered an investigation of boys in the government training schools of that country, and found the smokers so inferior in physique, intellect, and morals, that the use of tobacco was strictly prohibited in all of the schools under government supervision.

In the United States, it is found increasingly difficult to get suitable men for the army and navy. There are always plenty of men to enlist, but few of them are found fit for service. The most important cause of this unfitness is stated to be the " tobacco heart " from which so many of the applicants suffer.

If a boy is ambitious to win a worthy, honorable success in life, he cannot be a cigarette smoker. There are so many competitors in the business world for the good positions, that an employer will always pick out the applicant who has the best equipment in health, brains, and morals. Many employers will simply glance at a boy's hands when he applies for work, and the telltale yellow stain on his fingers is enough. His limitations are at once apparent. He is told more or less politely that his services will not be required.
How can a working boy afford to smoke ? The cost of a small cigarette is trifling, but, as the habit grows, the cost of " a smoke " multiplied by its frequency, by the days, months, and years, represents a very great waste in real money, to say nothing of the tremendous waste in physical and mental power.

Nobody really needs to smoke tobacco or to drink alcohol. If you do it at first, " just for fun " or the excitement of it, you must face the fact that, in consequence of the habits that fasten themselves upon you, you will be obliged to give up very many of the wholesome, natural pleasures of life that mean so much to the boy and man.

And, if you fall into the way of using these things, because you think either is an aid or rest or stimulant when you are tired and discouraged, just reflect how many tonics and restoratives Nature supplies at no cost whatever.
http://www.archive.org/stream/hygieneforworker00tolmuoft/hygieneforworker00tolmuoft_djvu.txt

Magnetic

Frank, you will notice the eugenics obsession with longevity. Simply define smokers as members of the “misfits” and we can understand what has been happening the last 30 years.

EUGENICS IS URGED TO LENGTHEN LIFE; Dr. Emerson Sees Fewer Misfits Resulting From Study of Science ASKS AID OF PHYSICIANS At Conference Here He Gives Five Suggestions Toward Upbuilding of Race
May 15, 1937, Saturday
Page 21, 586 words
Longer human life, a larger measure of vigorous health, increased happiness and a revitalized society containing fewer misfits and incompetents and a greater number of superior men and women are some of the benefits likely to come from the application of eugenics,
http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30A11F63B541B728DDDAC0994DD405B878FF1D3&scp=6&sq=eugenics&st=p

Frank, notice the eugenics obsession with the complete control of the population and “lifestyle”, how to produce uniformity of “desirable” attributes (“good citizenship”) in the population, i.e., the control of government by eugenics ideology.

EUGENICS IN POLITICS; Scientists Are Urged to Find Out How Good Citizenship Is Transmitted
October 9, 1921, Sunday
Section: Special Features, Page 93, 2117 words
CIVILIZED people all over the world are dissatisfied with their Governments. Every science except the science of government has made marvelous progress in the last 100 years
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9A01E3D71439E133A2575AC0A9669D946095D6CF&scp=74&sq=eugenics&st=p

Magnetic

Eugenics & fertility – now and then.

Smoking Could Harm Sperm, Study Finds
THURSDAY, Sept. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Two new studies provide evidence that smoking can harm sperm - both in smoking men who may become fathers, and in sons born to women who smoked during pregnancy.
In both the case of germ and somatic cells, drop-offs in levels appeared to be "dose dependent," meaning that the more the prospective mother smoked, the lower the number of cells grown by the embryo.
Based on these findings early in fetal growth, Anderson and his colleagues conclude that the apparent impact of smoking on cellular production might continue in male offspring carried to term. And that could mean a higher risk of impaired fertility in sons.
According to the Danish team, their earlier research involving female embryos revealed "germ cell" reductions of about 40 percent for embryos taken from who smoked during pregnancy. This suggests that maternal smoking in pregnancy may harm the reproductive health of both male and female offspring.
"Our results provide health care professionals who talk to women who are considering conceiving, or have conceived just recently, with a 'here and now' argument to convince them to stop smoking," Anderson said. "Because the negative effect of smoking appears to take place right from conception and during the early days [of gestation], when the human embryo becomes differentiated into either a girl or a boy.
http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=642944

In the name of eugenics: genetics and the uses of human heredity
By Daniel J. Kevles
Eugenic writings warned, for instance, that “tobacco decreases in a marked degree the sexual power, the organs becoming relaxed and shriveling in proportion to the amount of tobacco used” and that “the system of the wife becomes saturated with the nicotine and her reproductive cells also are poisoned. Surely strong, healthy offspring cannot come from such sources”. (p.64)

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=NWBi9kyb8xUC&pg=PA64&lpg=PA64&dq=%22tobacco%22+eugenics&source=bl&ots=9NMHestWHF&sig=PZDiWTp-1Jbyy9QhCOd80iAohpc&hl=en&ei=laRjTOX2O4TSuQPOnr2eCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CCwQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=%22tobacco%22%20eugenics&f=false

Magnetic

Eugenics & fertility – now and then.

Smoking Could Harm Sperm, Study Finds
THURSDAY, Sept. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Two new studies provide evidence that smoking can harm sperm - both in smoking men who may become fathers, and in sons born to women who smoked during pregnancy.
In both the case of germ and somatic cells, drop-offs in levels appeared to be "dose dependent," meaning that the more the prospective mother smoked, the lower the number of cells grown by the embryo.
Based on these findings early in fetal growth, Anderson and his colleagues conclude that the apparent impact of smoking on cellular production might continue in male offspring carried to term. And that could mean a higher risk of impaired fertility in sons.
According to the Danish team, their earlier research involving female embryos revealed "germ cell" reductions of about 40 percent for embryos taken from who smoked during pregnancy. This suggests that maternal smoking in pregnancy may harm the reproductive health of both male and female offspring.
"Our results provide health care professionals who talk to women who are considering conceiving, or have conceived just recently, with a 'here and now' argument to convince them to stop smoking," Anderson said. "Because the negative effect of smoking appears to take place right from conception and during the early days [of gestation], when the human embryo becomes differentiated into either a girl or a boy.
http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=642944

In the name of eugenics: genetics and the uses of human heredity
By Daniel J. Kevles
Eugenic writings warned, for instance, that “tobacco decreases in a marked degree the sexual power, the organs becoming relaxed and shriveling in proportion to the amount of tobacco used” and that “the system of the wife becomes saturated with the nicotine and her reproductive cells also are poisoned. Surely strong, healthy offspring cannot come from such sources”. (p.64)

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=NWBi9kyb8xUC&pg=PA64&lpg=PA64&dq=%22tobacco%22+eugenics&source=bl&ots=9NMHestWHF&sig=PZDiWTp-1Jbyy9QhCOd80iAohpc&hl=en&ei=laRjTOX2O4TSuQPOnr2eCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CCwQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=%22tobacco%22%20eugenics&f=false

Magnetic

Eugenics & fertility – now and then.

Smoking Could Harm Sperm, Study Finds
THURSDAY, Sept. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Two new studies provide evidence that smoking can harm sperm - both in smoking men who may become fathers, and in sons born to women who smoked during pregnancy.
In both the case of germ and somatic cells, drop-offs in levels appeared to be "dose dependent," meaning that the more the prospective mother smoked, the lower the number of cells grown by the embryo.
Based on these findings early in fetal growth, Anderson and his colleagues conclude that the apparent impact of smoking on cellular production might continue in male offspring carried to term. And that could mean a higher risk of impaired fertility in sons.
According to the Danish team, their earlier research involving female embryos revealed "germ cell" reductions of about 40 percent for embryos taken from who smoked during pregnancy. This suggests that maternal smoking in pregnancy may harm the reproductive health of both male and female offspring.
"Our results provide health care professionals who talk to women who are considering conceiving, or have conceived just recently, with a 'here and now' argument to convince them to stop smoking," Anderson said. "Because the negative effect of smoking appears to take place right from conception and during the early days [of gestation], when the human embryo becomes differentiated into either a girl or a boy.
http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=642944


In the name of eugenics: genetics and the use of human heredity

By Daniel J. Kevles
Eugenic writings warned, for instance, that “tobacco decreases in a marked degree the sexual power, the organs becoming relaxed and shriveling in proportion to the amount of tobacco used” and that “the system of the wife becomes saturated with the nicotine and her reproductive cells also are poisoned. Surely strong, healthy offspring cannot come from such sources”. (p.64)
http://books.google.com.au/books?id=NWBi9kyb8xUC&pg=PA64&lpg=PA64&dq=%22tobacco%22+eugenics&source=bl&ots=9NMHestWHF&sig=PZDiWTp-1Jbyy9QhCOd80iAohpc&hl=en&ei=laRjTOX2O4TSuQPOnr2eCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CCwQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=%22tobacco%22%20eugenics&f=false

Magnetic

Eugenics & fertility – then & now.

In the name of eugenics: genetics and the use of human heredity

By Daniel J. Kevles
Eugenic writings warned, for instance, that “tobacco decreases in a marked degree the sexual power, the organs becoming relaxed and shriveling in proportion to the amount of tobacco used” and that “the system of the wife becomes saturated with the nicotine and her reproductive cells also are poisoned. Surely strong, healthy offspring cannot come from such sources”. (p.64)
http://books.google.com.au/books?id=NWBi9kyb8xUC&pg=PA64&lpg=PA64&dq=%22tobacco%22+eugenics&source=bl&ots=9NMHestWHF&sig=PZDiWTp-1Jbyy9QhCOd80iAohpc&hl=en&ei=laRjTOX2O4TSuQPOnr2eCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CCwQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=%22tobacco%22%20eugenics&f=false

Smoking Could Harm Sperm, Study Finds
THURSDAY, Sept. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Two new studies provide evidence that smoking can harm sperm - both in smoking men who may become fathers, and in sons born to women who smoked during pregnancy.
In both the case of germ and somatic cells, drop-offs in levels appeared to be "dose dependent," meaning that the more the prospective mother smoked, the lower the number of cells grown by the embryo.
Based on these findings early in fetal growth, Anderson and his colleagues conclude that the apparent impact of smoking on cellular production might continue in male offspring carried to term. And that could mean a higher risk of impaired fertility in sons.
According to the Danish team, their earlier research involving female embryos revealed "germ cell" reductions of about 40 percent for embryos taken from who smoked during pregnancy. This suggests that maternal smoking in pregnancy may harm the reproductive health of both male and female offspring.
"Our results provide health care professionals who talk to women who are considering conceiving, or have conceived just recently, with a 'here and now' argument to convince them to stop smoking," Anderson said. "Because the negative effect of smoking appears to take place right from conception and during the early days [of gestation], when the human embryo becomes differentiated into either a girl or a boy.
http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=642944

Magnetic

"However, it was soon clear that the effect of nicotine gum is not as strong as the effect of smoking."

"As the graph shows smoking is clearly the most effective "delivery method" of nicotine"


But smoking clearly isn't just a delivery device for a single chemical.
To understand the effectiveness of smoking as a method of enhancing cognitive function, you have to include the gases.


Nitric Oxide
"Just as a computer must boot up its operating system before running involved applications like spreadsheets, nitric oxide released as the brain wakes up may set the stage for more complex brain operations by enhancing information at the earliest processing steps," said Godwin.

Sensory information from the eyes, skin or ears goes first to the thalamus, which acts like a gateway and either allows the information to flow on to the cortex, the thinking part of the brain, or stops it. Scientists knew that the thalamus sends information to the cortex, but did not know that nitric oxide affects how the cortex communicates back.

"What we have shown is that nitric oxide released into the thalamus enhances communication between the thalamus and cortex. This is a whole new understanding of how the brain communicates," said Godwin.

He explained that the cortex receives visual information from the thalamus that is basically just a small part of an image, analogous to a pixel in a photograph. The cortex then builds up a more complex representation, which it then feeds back to the thalamus to select the information that it needs to complete or organize the picture. Nitric oxide enhances this feedback effect."

"Godwin said the finding has implications for human health because it increases understanding of brain communication in normal cognitive processing. "This study shows a unique role for nitric oxide. It may help us to someday understand what goes wrong in diseases that affect cognitive processing, such as attention deficit disorder or schizophrenia, and it adds to our fundamental understanding of how we perceive the world around us."
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/08/060808161139.htm

http://tinyurl.com/6gh5lbo

But we supplement our natural nitric oxide from the inhaled nitric oxide in the smoke.


Carbon Monoxide Gas Is Used by Brain Cells As a Neurotransmitter - 1993

"THE simple gas carbon monoxide is used by nerve cells to signal each other, researchers have found in a discovery that could open the way to a new understanding of how the brain operates.

The discovery follows a finding that another simple gas, nitric oxide, can also signal nerve cells. Together the two gases break all the old rules on how neurotransmitters work"

"So far, he added, he is finding evidence that carbon monoxide might be used to cement memories in the hippocampus of the brain and that established memories might be erased when carbon monoxide is absent."

"And, he says, the new findings about carbon monoxide and nitric oxide have taught neurobiologists an important lesson: "It makes you think that when people are evaluating whether a given chemical is a candidate neurotransmitter, they ought to be very careful about applying the rules of ancient days."
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CEFDF1E3CF935A15752C0A965958260

Rose

Further on the slightly off topic 'eugenics' tangent

(Anonymous)
http://www.3news.co.nz/Test-finds-pysch-problems-in-5000-Kiwi-kids/tabid/420/articleID/198122/Default.aspx

" [...] more than 5000 4-year-olds have been identified as having potential psychological problems in a controversial health screening test.

New Zealand became the first country in the world to screen every 4-year-old for antisocial problems, as part of the B4 School Check back in 2008."

[...]

“The longer children go on with these difficult behaviours, whether they are aggressive or hyperactive or introverted type of behaviours the harder it is to address them,” says Dr Tuohy.

Experts say with conditions such as depression being present in some children from infancy, picking up issues early is critical to healthy development."


(my bold emphasis)
The comments are revealing. Seems fairly widely disliked by the parents.

Excellent Frank, an absolute joy to read.

Now let's see if this works, LJ keeps binning my comments.

Rose


Slightly off-topic;- continuing the 'eugenics' tangent:

(Anonymous)
Excellent Frank, an absolute joy to read.

Now let's see if this works, LJ keeps binning my comments.

Rose


Sentiments saluted!! ;=})

And thanks for the hope, Rose! ;-
my comment appeared to have been accepted, but never appeared...

'Twas just a recent local news item: - reconstructing...
_

http://www.3news.co.nz/Test-finds-pysch-problems-in-5000-Kiwi-kids/tabid/420/articleID/198122/Default.aspx

[...] "more than 5000 4-year-olds have been identified as having potential psychological problems in a controversial health screening test.

New Zealand became the first country in the world to screen every 4-year-old for antisocial problems, as part of the B4 School Check back in 2008."

[...]

"The assessment asks parents and teachers a range of questions about a child's behaviour, including whether they're restless or overactive, whether they often lose their temper, bully other children or even if they're spiteful towards others.

“The idea of it is to get a rounded picture of where that child is, what they're facing and what the issues are with them,” says New Zealand’s Chief Advisor on Child and Youth Health, Dr Pat Tuohy.

Since 2008, up until October last year, more than 61,000 4-year-olds were screened.

The parent survey identified more than 5,800 children having possible abnormal or borderline conditions.

The teacher version, nearly 2500.

But there were more than 16,000 instances of pre-school teachers refusing to do their part of the test.

“There are still some very strong areas of the sector that feel a strong level of discomfort, and they're worried about that information, particularly with the interaction with parents,” says the Early Childhood Council’s Peter Reynolds.

But the Ministry of Health says the test is only an indicator, and it's well respected in identifying potential issues.

“The longer children go on with these difficult behaviours, whether they are aggressive or hyperactive or introverted type of behaviours the harder it is to address them,” says Dr Tuohy.

Experts say with conditions such as depression being present in some children from infancy, picking up issues early is critical to healthy development."


[my bold emphasis - please read the whole article]

[and the comments are interesting - many parents dislike it!]
_

Is this the 49%-51% passionless society (encroaching) ?

Drug companies, Big Pharma, handed new markets?

Undertow?
_

I was a shy boy.
Gifted in art & music; part of the package?
Perhaps agressive elsewhere: context is everything.
_

We (if I may be so bold!) need to keep an eye on education (as well!)

"Education"
_

Is "undermining" false diktat fair?
Of course it is: this is a war! - as declared by Tobacco Control.
_

Ross

(no subject) (Anonymous) Expand
Eugenics & fertility – then & now.

In the name of eugenics: genetics and the use of human heredity

By Daniel J. Kevles
Eugenic writings warned, for instance, that “tobacco decreases in a marked degree the sexual power, the organs becoming relaxed and shriveling in proportion to the amount of tobacco used” and that “the system of the wife becomes saturated with the nicotine and her reproductive cells also are poisoned. Surely strong, healthy offspring cannot come from such sources”. (p.64)
http://books.google.com.au/books?id=NWBi9kyb8xUC&pg=PA64&lpg=PA64&dq=%22tobacco%22+eugenics&source=bl&ots=9NMHestWHF&sig=PZDiWTp-1Jbyy9QhCOd80iAohpc&hl=en&ei=laRjTOX2O4TSuQPOnr2eCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CCwQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=%22tobacco%22%20eugenics&f=false

Smoking Could Harm Sperm, Study Finds
THURSDAY, Sept. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Two new studies provide evidence that smoking can harm sperm - both in smoking men who may become fathers, and in sons born to women who smoked during pregnancy.
In both the case of germ and somatic cells, drop-offs in levels appeared to be "dose dependent," meaning that the more the prospective mother smoked, the lower the number of cells grown by the embryo.
Based on these findings early in fetal growth, Anderson and his colleagues conclude that the apparent impact of smoking on cellular production might continue in male offspring carried to term. And that could mean a higher risk of impaired fertility in sons.
According to the Danish team, their earlier research involving female embryos revealed "germ cell" reductions of about 40 percent for embryos taken from who smoked during pregnancy. This suggests that maternal smoking in pregnancy may harm the reproductive health of both male and female offspring.
"Our results provide health care professionals who talk to women who are considering conceiving, or have conceived just recently, with a 'here and now' argument to convince them to stop smoking," Anderson said. "Because the negative effect of smoking appears to take place right from conception and during the early days [of gestation], when the human embryo becomes differentiated into either a girl or a boy.
http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=642944


Magnetic

Note to self - do not use preview

"However, it was soon clear that the effect of nicotine gum is not as strong as the effect of smoking."

"As the graph shows smoking is clearly the most effective "delivery method" of nicotine"


But smoking clearly isn't just a delivery device for a single chemical,to understand the effectiveness of smoking as a method of enhancing cognitive function, you have to include the gases.


Nitric Oxide
"Just as a computer must boot up its operating system before running involved applications like spreadsheets, nitric oxide released as the brain wakes up may set the stage for more complex brain operations by enhancing information at the earliest processing steps," said Godwin.

Sensory information from the eyes, skin or ears goes first to the thalamus, which acts like a gateway and either allows the information to flow on to the cortex, the thinking part of the brain, or stops it. Scientists knew that the thalamus sends information to the cortex, but did not know that nitric oxide affects how the cortex communicates back.

"What we have shown is that nitric oxide released into the thalamus enhances communication between the thalamus and cortex. This is a whole new understanding of how the brain communicates," said Godwin.

He explained that the cortex receives visual information from the thalamus that is basically just a small part of an image, analogous to a pixel in a photograph. The cortex then builds up a more complex representation, which it then feeds back to the thalamus to select the information that it needs to complete or organize the picture. Nitric oxide enhances this feedback effect."

"Godwin said the finding has implications for human health because it increases understanding of brain communication in normal cognitive processing. "This study shows a unique role for nitric oxide. It may help us to someday understand what goes wrong in diseases that affect cognitive processing, such as attention deficit disorder or schizophrenia, and it adds to our fundamental understanding of how we perceive the world around us."
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/08/060808161139.htm

http://tinyurl.com/6gh5lbo

But we supplement our natural nitric oxide from the inhaled nitric in the smoke.


Carbon Monoxide Gas Is Used by Brain Cells As a Neurotransmitter - 1993

"THE simple gas carbon monoxide is used by nerve cells to signal each other, researchers have found in a discovery that could open the way to a new understanding of how the brain operates.

The discovery follows a finding that another simple gas, nitric oxide, can also signal nerve cells. Together the two gases break all the old rules on how neurotransmitters work"

"So far, he added, he is finding evidence that carbon monoxide might be used to cement memories in the hippocampus of the brain and that established memories might be erased when carbon monoxide is absent."

"And, he says, the new findings about carbon monoxide and nitric oxide have taught neurobiologists an important lesson: "It makes you think that when people are evaluating whether a given chemical is a candidate neurotransmitter, they ought to be very careful about applying the rules of ancient days."
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CEFDF1E3CF935A15752C0A965958260

Rose

Frank, here’s an attempt by the eugenics elite (neurobiologist/scientist) to discredit nicotine via rat studies.


Smoking can cause permanent damage to adolescent’s developing brains, according to VU university researchers in the latest issue of Nature Neuroscience magazine.

Experiments were conducted on lab rats.
http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nn.2770.html

The team carried out their experiments on young rats but say the effect can be translated to humans because of the similarities between the rat and human brains.

Even in just terms of “nicotine exposure”, the researchers indicate that rats were “nicotine exposed” but do not indicate the nature of the exposure.

With regard to cognitive function in particular, the extrapolation potential of the rat experiment is zero. Yet this doesn’t stop the eugenics folk from concluding:
It is the first time that the effect of nicotine on adolescent [rat] brains has been researched and the results show smoking can ‘lead to cognitive impairments in later life’.

This could mean that people who start smoking at a young age could have ‘lasting attentional disturbances’, the researchers said.

‘Translating this to the human situation, we are talking about youngsters who start smoking between the ages of 12 and 16,’ researcher Sabine Spijker told the Volkskrant.

‘They [smokers] will become fine workers when they get older, but as soon as things get difficult or too much is asked of them, they drop out more quickly than others. Then they cannot stay focused.’


http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2011/02/smoking_can_damage_teenage_bra.php

Utterly perverse!

Magnetic

Frank, here’s an attempt by the eugenics elite (neurobiologist/scientist) to discredit nicotine via rat studies.


Smoking can cause permanent damage to adolescent’s developing brains, according to VU university researchers in the latest issue of Nature Neuroscience magazine.

Experiments were conducted on lab rats.
http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nn.2770.html

The team carried out their experiments on young rats but say the effect can be translated to humans because of the similarities between the rat and human brains.

Even in just terms of “nicotine exposure”, the researchers indicate that rats were “nicotine exposed” but do not indicate the nature of the exposure.

With regard to cognitive function in particular, the extrapolation potential of the rat experiment is zero. Yet this doesn’t stop the eugenics folk from concluding:
It is the first time that the effect of nicotine on adolescent [rat] brains has been researched and the results show smoking can ‘lead to cognitive impairments in later life’.

This could mean that people who start smoking at a young age could have ‘lasting attentional disturbances’, the researchers said.

‘Translating this to the human situation, we are talking about youngsters who start smoking between the ages of 12 and 16,’ researcher Sabine Spijker told the Volkskrant.

‘They [smokers] will become fine workers when they get older, but as soon as things get difficult or too much is asked of them, they drop out more quickly than others. Then they cannot stay focused.’

http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2011/02/smoking_can_damage_teenage_bra.php

Utterly perverse!

Magnetic

Dispatches (Monday, 28.2.) addresses the care of the elderly, an ever growing number of citizen and raises many questions. After all, isn't the aim of the WHO "saving lives" by pressing for one ban after another, promoting "healthy life styles"?

I can only speak for myself: After watching the preview of Dispatches I am DEFINITELY sure that I would rather not have my life "saved" if this is what I have to look forward to.


As Kingsley Amis once said:

“No pleasure is worth giving up for the sake of two more years in a geriatric home at Weston-super-Mare”

Everyone has probably seen this already but thought I'd mention it anyway.
The famous mathematician and philosopher Bertrand Russell, on smoking: http://www.guzer.com/videos/bertrand-russell-smoking.php
h/t http://www.pro-choicesmokingdoctor.blogspot.com/

Tony

Irony...

(Anonymous)
I remember I read somewhere that actually Hitler has been interested in painting and that he has been thrown out of school because he was caught up ... smoking ... in the restrooms.

The rest, everyone knows what happened...irony?

I have been reading your blog Frank for quite some time and I always enjoy your articles, enjoying a good coffee and a much better smoke with it. Food for my brain me thinks...

Chip

Eugenics & fertility – then & now.

In the name of eugenics: genetics and the use of human heredity

By Daniel J. Kevles
Eugenic writings warned, for instance, that “tobacco decreases in a marked degree the sexual power, the organs becoming relaxed and shriveling in proportion to the amount of tobacco used” and that “the system of the wife becomes saturated with the nicotine and her reproductive cells also are poisoned. Surely strong, healthy offspring cannot come from such sources”. (p.64)
http://books.google.com.au/books?id=NWBi9kyb8xUC&pg=PA64&lpg=PA64&dq=%22tobacco%22+eugenics&source=bl&ots=9NMHestWHF&sig=PZDiWTp-1Jbyy9QhCOd80iAohpc&hl=en&ei=laRjTOX2O4TSuQPOnr2eCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CCwQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=%22tobacco%22%20eugenics&f=false

Smoking Could Harm Sperm, Study Finds
THURSDAY, Sept. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Two new studies provide evidence that smoking can harm sperm - both in smoking men who may become fathers, and in sons born to women who smoked during pregnancy.
In both the case of germ and somatic cells, drop-offs in levels appeared to be "dose dependent," meaning that the more the prospective mother smoked, the lower the number of cells grown by the embryo.
Based on these findings early in fetal growth, Anderson and his colleagues conclude that the apparent impact of smoking on cellular production might continue in male offspring carried to term. And that could mean a higher risk of impaired fertility in sons.
According to the Danish team, their earlier research involving female embryos revealed "germ cell" reductions of about 40 percent for embryos taken from who smoked during pregnancy. This suggests that maternal smoking in pregnancy may harm the reproductive health of both male and female offspring.
"Our results provide health care professionals who talk to women who are considering conceiving, or have conceived just recently, with a 'here and now' argument to convince them to stop smoking," Anderson said. "Because the negative effect of smoking appears to take place right from conception and during the early days [of gestation], when the human embryo becomes differentiated into either a girl or a boy.
http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=642944

Magnetic

Slightly off topic...but related.

Has anyone noticed that whenever a friend or acquaintance quits they seem to lose something?

I can't always put my finger on it - but a part (or parts) of their personality that originally drew me to them. Perhaps a dry sense of humour, a 'devil may dare' attitude, the ability to make interesting conversation, a sense of rebelliousness, camaraderie, empathy....it's almost as if they have become someone else, someone I can't really connect with. I think this helps to explain how divisive society has become. Us and them. And a major cause of loneliness. Of course, this scenario wouldn't apply to never smoking friends, typically those who have no hang ups about smoking/smokers. It's not that they tolerate us, but rather that they do not judge us, indeed are not even consciously aware that we are 'smokers'. For the most part, used to at any rate. Sadly, I find such people are increasingly becoming judgemental, and distant - they too have been conditioned to regard us as 'smokers'. Dumbed down. Nowadays, smokers can be instantly judged merely by stepping outside for a few minutes. Perhaps this is one reason why pubs worked in bye gone days and why they haven't since the ban. It's all very depressing....

Bit of a ramble Frank, but there aren't many other places where I can find kindred spirits. Many thanks for sharing your thoughts and feelings with us, your blog is one of the few oases of common sense and decency. Maybe, just maybe, there remains a glimmer of hope. For ALL our sakes, let's pray so...


Live Journal posting awkwardnesses... !

(Anonymous)
I tried 4-5 times to post a comment above, preview starting to look acceptable, barely, given circumstances! ;- & each time, after navigating the Captcha, it said "Comment Posted", - but it hadn't! ;- then on the last, it arrives with all formatting (line spacing, paragraphs, etc.) - stripped!

I give up...
_

Ross

Re: Live Journal posting awkwardnesses... !

(Anonymous)
Ross

It's happening to me too.

Goodness knows were the post goes after it says "Comment Posted", certainly not here.

Because it only allows me a line or two,with luck this will get through.

Rose

?

Log in